“We must end the crime of female foeticide. We must eliminate gender disparity. We have a dream of an India in which every woman can feel safe, secure and empowered. Where our mothers, sisters and daughters are assured a life of dignity and personal security…”
Dr. Manmohan Singh, Prime Minster of India, in his address to the nation on the 60th Independence Day.



Source: The Femina, January 31, 07

25 years back, a man in Punjab brought his wife to an ultrasound clinic to determine the sex of the foetus. The doctors informed him it was a female. He went home only to return a few months later, requesting for an abortion. After the doctors aborted the foetus, they discovered they had made a mistake and that the dead foetus was a male child. The man was so upset that he went public, alleging that the hospital was responsible for killing his only male issue. It was then the investigations uncovered the truth behind the series of sex determination tests.

Case Study II

Anand, Sarita and Seetharaman, Premvati
“Female Foeticide: Is It Just?” Vikasini. 10(2); April-June 1995. P. 5-6.

Discusses the crude methods, which are used in rural areas, and the modern methods prevailing to get rid of the unwanted girl child or the foetus. The consequences of both methods are adverse to women. The sex ratio has as a result, declined over the decades.

Case Study III

Balasubrahmanyan, Vimal
“And Now Made to Order Male Babies” Economic and Political Weekly. 21(32); 23 August, 1986. P. 1492

The New Reproductive Technology poses a threat to women. Besides increasing the medicalization of female existence and strengthening the control by experts under the spell of a “technological-fix”, the choices made available by the NRTs exist within a patriarchal framework. NRT’s may seem neutral until they are seen against the social context within which they are perpetuated.

Case Study IV

Source: HindustanTimes ePaper

An extraordinary four-year research in the ustifyheart of rural India, post 2001 Census, shows that people living in areas with a higher level of education and affluence slaughter more female foetuses than those languishing in the social and economic backwaters.

The study, funded by the Swedish Research Council and carried out by the economic history department of Lund University as part of its research on developing economies, shows that “progressive areas” of India have a lower child sex ratio (CSR). Researchers claim that “ill-focused development is triggering a conscious choice to eliminate the girl child from the family”.

The study carried out in five states – Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal – revealed wide differences in sex ratio in villages of Karnataka and Uttaranchal. The less prosperous villages had a healthy ratio, while their wealthier neighbours, with higher indices of education and development, logged lesser number of girl children. It showed a strong shift from “son preference to active daughter discrimination”